Saturday, August 22, 2009


Daniel Burnham's 1909 Plan of Chicago is surely his most important contribution to the City. But his Architectural contribution shouldn't be overlooked.
Daniel Burnham's Architecture in Chicago's Loop falls into four time periods: Burnham and Root (through John Root's death in 1891), D. H. Burnham and Company with Charles Atwood (through Atwood's death in 1895); with a Design Team under Burnham's direct control (through the firm's reorganization in 1908); and with Peirce Anderson as Burnham's design partner (until Burnham's death on June 1, 1912). An example from every time period exists today in the Loop. Even though much of the earliest work is gone, we still have the Rookery and the Monadnock. Below is the list.

Burnham and Root

The Rookery 1885/1888
209 South LaSalle

Monadnock 1889/1891
53 West Jackson Bouleard

D.H. Burnham & Co.

Marshall Field (Old Annex) 1892
NWC Washington at Wabash Avenue

Reliance 1895
1 West Washington Street

Silversmith 1896
10 South Wabash Avenue

Fisher 1895
343 South Dearborn Street

First National Bank (Clock Only) 1902
First National Plaza

Marshall Field & Co 1902/1907
111 North State Street

Railway Exchange 1903/1904
224 South Michigan Avenue

Heyworth 1904
29 East Madison

Orchestra Hall 1905
220 South Michigan Avenue

Commercial National Bank 1905
(Commonwealth Edison)

Field Museum 1909/1920
1400 South Lake Shore Drive

People's Gas Light and Coke 1910
122 South Michigan Avenue

Insurance Exchange 1911
175 West Jackson Boulevard

Charles A. Stevens 1912
17 North State Street

Otis Elevator 1912
10 South LaSalle Street

Conway Building 1913
111 West Washington Street

Butler Brothers Warehouse 1912/1913
165 North Canal Street

Continental and Commercial National Bank 1912/1914
208 South LaSalle Street

If I've missed one, let me know. Graham Anderson Probst and White was organized within D. H. Burnham and Company. And although some members of the firm (notably both of Daniel's sons and Edward Bennett) went in other directions, GAPW faithfully continued Daniel Burnham's architectural legacy. Burnham himseld died in 1912, but his architecture was alive and well until the early 1930's.

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